How to treat erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is a medical condition which affects a man’s ability to sustain an erection for sexual activity. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), Erectile dysfunction affects close to 30 million men across the United States. This has been attributed to a slew of factors such as sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, underlying medical complications among other factors. Fortunately, erectile dysfunction can be treated depending on what is causing it. The following post outlines the various treatment options for erectile dysfunction.

Lifestyle changes

Erectile dysfunction or impotence can be improved by making some lifestyle changes such as; regular exercise, losing weight, eating a healthy diet, reducing alcohol consumption, reducing stress and anxiety, avoiding smoking and illegal drugs. According to the Journal of Sexual Health, cigarettes are among the leading causes of erectile dysfunction. Quitting cigarettes as well as making these lifestyle changes not only aids in the treatment of ED but also goes improves the overall health of the body.

Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors

PDE_5 inhibitors are one of the most effective and widely used medications for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. These medications work by stimulating blood flow to the penile tissues subsequently giving erections to the user. The medications are sold as over-the-counter with brands such as Viagra, Levitra, Spedra, and Cialis. The drugs should be taken 30-60 minutes prior to engaging in any sexual activity and should not be used more than once. However, these drugs also come with side effects that range from mild to severe and as such, it is important to seek medical counsel before purchasing. Similarly, the medication should not be taken with drugs that have nitrate content in them as they can lead to negative interaction.

Hormonal treatment

Hormonal treatment is also used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. If PDE-5 treatment fails to work, you may also use alprostadil, a synthetic hormone that also aids in increasing blood flow to the penis hence causing an erection. Alprostadil can either be administered by direct injection to the penis(intracavernosal injection) or through placing a small pellet in the urethra (urethral application).


Surgery is usually recommended as the last resort in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Surgery may be considered to young men who have had a severe injury to the pelvic region or men having profound anatomical problems with their penises. Surgery may come in form of penile implants that include; semi-rigid implants: suitable for people who do not have sex frequently and inflatable rigid: that consist of inflatable parts to give a natural erection.


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